Laser eye surgery creates small burns in the retina where there are abnormal blood vessels. Most of the time, it gets worse over many years. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. In photo coagulation, the eye care professional makes tiny burns on the retina with a special laser. Finally, light passes through another fluid-filled chamber in the canter of the eye the vitreous and strikes the back of the eye, the retina. Diabetic retinopathy. Chronically high blood sugar from diabetes is associated with damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina, leading to diabetic retinopathy. In this form, the blood vessels are so damaged they close off. Diabetic retinopathy — Specific treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends on the nature of the problem: Proliferative disease and swelling or leaking of the retina can be treated with laser therapy.
The retina detects light and converts it to signals sent through the optic nerve to the brain. A surgical procedure called a vitrectomy can be used to remove the blood that has leaked into this part of the eye. Hypertensive retinopathy — Lowering blood pressure often can stop ongoing damage to the retina. Pressure builds up in the eye, a particularly severe condition that causes damage to the optic nerve. This will not affect your eyesight, but it needs to be carefully monitored. Pictures of the retinal blood vessels are taken as the dye reaches the eye.